Problem Statement for Waste Management with Impact



Problem Statement 1



Problem

Home waste management

Home wastes consist majorly of Organic wastes, otherwise known as green wastes, that are rubbish that come in the form of biotic materials. The basic examples of these are food, plants, and other animal or plant-based resources. Present study shows the average solid waste generated by Mangaluru is 226 tons per day with the per capita waste generation equaling to 0.4524 Kg per day. The waste collected at or transported to the dump site at Vamanjoor, Mangaluru is 226 tons per day. Some gets recycled or recovered and some is burned, but the majority is buried in landfills. But at the landfill, the food and yard waste that trash contains, decomposes and releases methane, a greenhouse gas that’s 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Landfill gas also contributes to smog, worsening health problems like asthma. Come up with a solution to prevent the waste reaching these landfills.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Sub Goal:

By 2030, Substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

The Problem addresses SDG 15: Life on Land

Sub Goal:

By 2030, Combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

The Problem addresses SDG 3: Good Health and well-being

Sub Goal:

By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination




Problem Statement 2



Problem

Reuse of By-products of the produce

By-products and wastes can be reused as resources and create economic efficiency. Utilizing by-products and wastes, and clean production and industrial ecology. By-products, as the name suggests, emerge along with a product, and all kinds of wastes emerge from time to time in the process of exploiting raw materials and producing and using products. Although they are inevitable, by-products are not necessary for production and for human life. Their emergence not only creates a waste of resources, but also influences the environment in different degrees. If we could reduce waste and tap technologies to use the waste and by-products a second time as new resources, we could to a certain degree reduce the consumption of natural resources by humankind.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Sub Goal:

By 2030, Achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production. By 2030, Substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse




Problem Statement 3



Problem

Reuse of used flowers

Piles of marigolds, roses, carnations and other flowers are left at temples, mosques and sikh gurudwaras for use in religious ceremonies. About two million tonnes of floral waste in India are discarded every day after religious ceremonies. Afterwards, the flowers can prove difficult to dispose off. Tipping the discarded petals into flowing waters is one option, but this can add to the burden for India's often heavily polluted waterways. Flowers from religious places cannot really be combined with normal waste. Where temples have access to rivers and lakes, they tend to dispose off the floral waste in flowing waters because that is considered holy. Organic matter from rotting flowers contributes to the growth of algae, which can deplete oxygen levels and cause marine life to die. Rotting flowers may also cause pollution problems on land. Come up with a solution to turn the leftover flowers into a useful product.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 14: Life below water

Sub Goal:

By 2025, Prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

The Problem addresses SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Sub Goal:

By 2020, Achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.




Problem Statement 4



Problem

Biogas

Worldwide interest in renewable energy sources is gathering momentum. Biogas production is growing steadily, as more people are setting up biogas plants to produce biogas. Mangaluru, a city with a population of about 624,000 generates approximately about 15 tonnes of bio waste everyday which if utilized properly can produce about 10 cylinders of 14kg biogas. The Compressed BioGas produced is Rupees 300-400 lesser as compared to LPG. Currently, there are no new technologies to simplify and improve the process of biogas generation, meaning that it is not a completely efficient system. Develop a portable bio compost/bio-gas unit, that can generate enough energy to, for example,make tea or coffee.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 7 : Affordable and Clean Energy

Sub Goal:

Enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology




Problem Statement 5



Problem

Generating income from household waste

Waste minimization is a set of processes and practices intended to reduce the amount of waste produced. A predominant percentage of waste generated at household levels can be recycled and reused. We often throw away valuable metals, glass, paper, etc. without realizing that all these materials can be reused instead of filling-up landfills. If you know what household products can be reused and recycled, you could easily sort them and make money while contributing to the improvement of our environment. The lifetime of products at home can be extended by changing the way one uses it. Find efficient ways to reuse household waste and resell the same to incur profits.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 12 : Responsible consumption and production

Sub Goal:

By 2030, Substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.