Problem Statement for Horticulture with Impact



Problem Statement 1



Problem

Hydroponics and Aeroponics

Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions in water solvent instead of soil whereas Aeroponics is a system wherein roots are continuously or discontinuously kept in an environment saturated with fine drops(a mist or aerosol) of nutrient solution. These methods require less energy, water and maintenance than traditional agriculture. These methods promote quick and disease-free plant growth. Risk of break down of pressure pumps, sprinklers and timers is considerably high in Aeroponics and the risk of water, electricity, diseases and pests is high in Hydroponics. Come up with a solution to tackle the major problems involved in these techniques.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 2 : Zero Hunger

Sub Goal:

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality




Problem Statement 2



Problem

Mechanization of post-harvest fruit processing

Post-harvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. Post-harvest treatment largely determines the final quality of the crop. In India, due to poor post-harvest processing, there is a loss of Rs.92,651Crore per year. The main challenges faced in the fruit processing units include storage constraints, transportation issues, technological equipment. The processing of drupe fruits like cashew, coconut etc requires skill. India also lacks mother vessels which can receive the harvests from small boats and chill or freeze the catch immediately and carry out some value addition aboard the vessel led labour which is the major drawback. Try to develop a simple machinery/device which can reduce the necessity of skilled labour.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 2 : Zero Hunger

Sub Goal:

Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.




Problem Statement 3



Problem

Urban Gardens

Terrace, Kitchen and Community gardens is a growing interest in cities and it helps provide food and temperature control besides having decorative benefits. Urban agriculture produces 15 to 20 percent of the world’s food supply and could play a major role in achieving global food security. Small-scale urban agriculture results in high yields but requires judicious management of inputs to achieve sustainability. They are hard to maintain with a busy life in the city. Most gardens die off due to water shortage, pests, diseases and unwanted weeds. Build a device or a system to organically grow and maintain such gardens in a city.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 11 : Sustainable Cities & Communities

Sub Goal:

By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels.




Problem Statement 4



Problem

Pest Management

The Horticulture production has become a key driver for economic development in many of the states in the country and it contributes 30.4 percent to GDP of agriculture.But,nearly 20-25% of the crops gets destroyed due to pest attacks. Crop protection has been developed for the prevention and control of crop losses due to pests in the field.Pests reduce crop productivity in various ways,classified by their impacts;stand reducers,photosynthetic rate reducers,leaf senescence accelerators,light stealers,assimilate sappers and tissue consumers.The use of chemical fertilizers has a negative impact on the crops and environment.Try to come up with environment friendly methods to control pest invasion.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 2 : Zero Hunger

Sub Goal:

Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.