Problem Statement for Fisheries with Impact



Problem Statement 1



Problem

Hand tools for ease of processing fish: Better cleaning tools (Automated)

The basic target of fishmongers and sellers is to deliver fresh fish to the customers in all acceptable condition. The more time it takes in cleaning and processing the more it affects the quality of the fish. The current methods used are not safe, hygienic and easy to use (knife, sickle, etc.); usage of such tools require professional skills and all time monitoring. There are many other several constraints on handling the fish; important among them is the bacteriological, chemical and physical processes that cause degradation of fish. Fish processing in India is mainly export-driven with minimum emphasis on the domestic market. Shrimps, finfishes, squids and cuttlefish are the major items of process. Presently automated fillet processors and skimmers are available at unaffordable rates. Try to come up with better hand tools that can be implemented easily in Indian local markets and better ways to process fish before it reaches the consumer keeping hygiene in mind.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Sub Goal:

Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors




Problem Statement 2



Problem

Sanitary Fish retail outlets

The domestic fish marketing system in India is neither efficient nor modern and is mainly carried out by private traders with a large number of intermediaries. Some of the problems in fish marketing include high perishability and bulkiness of material, high heterogeneity in size and weight among species, high cost of storage and transportation, low demand elasticity and high price spread. The retailer's grade, clean, ice, pack, display and dress fish for the consumers. Most wholesale markets are very old, unhygienic, without proper facilities for handling fish and with limited or no facilities for cold/chilled storage and ice plants. The leftover fish is packed in plastic or thermocol containers with ice and resold the next day. There are no quality monitoring by government or municipality/corporation authorities at any market in the country. The poor fish handling at the markets results in the poor quality of fish with low keeping quality. Find a viable solution to make the process of maintaining hygiene in fish markets easier or efficient techniques to monitor the fishmongers.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Sub Goal:

Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment

The Problem addresses SDG 9: Industrial innovation and infrastructure

Sub Goal:

By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities




Problem Statement 3



Problem

Efficient/Portable drying fish setup

Dry fish segment constitutes 20% of the total fish production in India. Sun drying of fish is significant throughout the Indian subcontinent. The drying method is considered as the least expensive method of fish preservation. Indian dry fish export contributes 7.86% of all form of fish exports and earns around Rs.800 crores. The dry fish preparation should open up new dimension and possibilities to reduce the physical post-harvest losses and also value addition in the harvest. Before the drying process, the fish is manually cut and curated and later hung for soaking under the sunlight for several weeks. Two terms are now being commonly used in the drying of fish; sun drying and dehydration. Dehydration is almost the same as sun drying, except that this process is practised undercontrolled operational parameters like air temperature, relative humidity, air velocity etc. A common practice is to dry fish in an enclosure provided with facilities to control these parameters. The major problem of sun drying is the efficiency and quality of the final product remain at the mercy of nature. Driers are also devices used to dry fish under a controlled environment e.g. Cabinet dryer, Kiln dryer, Tunnel drier, Spray drier, Solar tent dryer etc. Utilise the available resources and age-old methodologies to enhance the process of drying fish.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 9 : Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure

Sub Goal:

Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities. Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets




Problem Statement 4



Problem

Eco-friendly fish packaging

Out of the total marine landings of our country, 65% of fish are consumed as fresh, 7% as frozen, 20% as cured and 0.2% as canned. Fish must be refrigerated or frozen immediately after landing to prevent microbial deterioration. It is reported that the rate of spoilage doubles with every 5.5°C rise in temperature. Desiccation of chilled and frozen fish during storage causes quality deterioration as well as weight losses. The quality/type of packaging materials and the method of packaging are, therefore, of great importance for preserving the quality of fish. The packaging for fresh fish should have insulating properties to reduce, as much as possible, the rate of melting of ice.Taking into consideration all these factors come up with a smart and eco-friendly packaging for fish.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 12: Responsible consumption and production

Sub Goal:

By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse




Problem Statement 5



Problem

Mechanize above ground boat docking

A dock is a structure that's made for bringing boats or ships in to the shore and loading or unloading them of goods or passengers. Currently in Bengre mechanised boat owners have the upper hand with the inclusion of wharfs while traditional boat owners are left untouched in the process of the development of the fishing harbour. The small movement of big boats due to wind or water currents will damage the small ones, particularly the fibre boats. In Mangalore conventionally, small boat owners and fishermen rely on on-ground docking of boats. They depend on manpower to pull the boats off-shore. In the present scenario, groups of people carry greased logs of wood to the shore and manually pull the boat towards the ground, after which the boat is pulled further with the help of primitive machinery while the labourers manually lift the boat off the shore to the ground. Find a way to make this process much more efficient, time saving and with reduced amount of manpower introducing mechanisation in this area. Refer: https://youtu.be/u8SouX7KOgg

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 9 : Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure

Sub Goal:

Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities




Problem Statement 6



Problem

Smart weighing machine for fish

Conventionally fishmongers price fish based on the weight. The conventional methods employed are that of weighing scales with varying measurements from person to person. The absence of a set standard or fixed unit results in differing prices. The urgency to sell in a fish market also contributes to the chaos and introduction of smarter weighing techniques can contribute largely to reduce the burden on the fish-mongers. With these problems it is hard for the boat owner to keep track of the quantity of catch and it's diversity. Chances of miscalculations are extremely high. Managing the inventory for stock become untraceable and inaccurate. Taking into consideration these limitations come up with a viable solution to solve the problem of inventory management with accurate weight calculation of every type of fish caught in a single catch.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 8: Decent work and economic growth

Sub Goal:

Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors