Problem Statement for Agriculture with Impact



Problem Statement 1



Problem

Smart beekeeping: Automation and monitoring

Urban bees survive better, produce more honey, and are healthier than rural bees. It is estimated a third of the food we eat solely depends on honeybees for pollination.Bee colonies naturally lose 5% of their population annually, but since 2006 they have been losing 30 percent to 90 percent of their population a year. Parasitic, bacterial and viral infections, exposure to pesticides and radiation from mobiles, poor nutrition and global warming are all concomitant factors that threaten the survival of honeybee colonies. Without them, India’s food production will be reduced by one-third. several big brands are not giving a pure form of honey to their customers. A major brand selling honey has less than 13% honey in the 1 kg syrup. This is because there is a heavy demand for honey in the market but the production is less. Several honey societies in Karnataka import honey from Assam and other North-Eastern states and sell it as local honey.Build a Smart Bee Keeping System that can aid the local beekeepers in producing more honey.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 15 : Life on Land

Sub Goal:

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species




Problem Statement 2



Problem

Machinery and Equipment rental application for farmers community

In order to improve the economy of India, agricultural growth needs to levitate. This demands small and marginal scale agriculture to become efficient and self-sustaining. With an 85% contribution to Indian agriculture, small farmers can directly impact the future of sustainable agricultural growth and food security of the country. Which is why there needs to be a paradigm shift in the way they function. But despite nearly 65% Indians working in the farm sector, India’s agricultural yields trail global and emerging market averages. More than 20 crore Indian farmers have little or no access to mechanized tools. Any effort to bring about a paradigm shift in productivity and farm income has to be centred on the small farmers, who account for 86% of India’s farmland holdings. Come up with a service or an application which will help in the rental process of machinery and equipment for farmers community.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 2: Zero Hunger

Sub Goal:

Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries




Problem Statement 3



Problem

Organized markets for vegetable and fruits (Alternate retail methods to increase farmers income: Overcome bargaining)

India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world with a production of 259 Million Metric Tonnes. Establishment of structured markets from the official bodies is minimal. Lack of sufficient storage facilities and improper distribution are hampering the growth of the market, since fruits and vegetables have a limited window for ripeness and goodness. Customers know that they have to make quick purchase decisions, not because of a company-manufactured deadline but because of a natural one, hence they rely on the presentation of the produce in a market stand. One of the most important problems faced by the local fruit and vegetable based units of Assam is the procurement of the containers for packaging products. Fruit and Vegetable markets demand huge quantity, consistent quality and competitive pricing. Lack of market knowledge and marketing skills also contribute to the falling profits procured by the sellers. The vegetable markets suffer from some structural weaknesses, such as the existence of unorganized small producers as against organized buyers, weak holding capacity of the small producers, and the absence of any storage infrastructure. More than 90 per cent of the vegetable growers sell their produce in villages, mainly to itinerant traders, at much lower prices than the procurement price of the respective agricultural commodities. There are very few procurement centers and a majority of them do not operate regularly. Find a way to increase the income of farmers selling these produce.

Impact

The Problem addresses SDG 2: Zero Hunger

Sub Goal:

Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment